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  • Mommy Fix-it

First-Aid for Cuts & Scrapes



1) STOP THE BLEEDING

- Apply gentle pressure with sterile gauze or a clean cloth

- Elevate the wound above the heart

- Do not lift the gauze or cloth to check if the bleeding has stopped; this can restart bleeding

- If blood is spurting or continues to flow despite pressure and elevation, seek immediate professional medical assistance


2) CLEAN THE WOUND

- Rinse the wound with clean water

- Do not use soap, iodine, alcohol or hydrogen peroxide; this can irritate the wound

- If dirt or debris remains in the wound after rinsing, use sterile tweezers to gently remove the dirt/debris; if this fails, seek professional medical attention to remove the dirt/debris


3) APPLY ANTIBIOTIC

- Once the wound has stopped bleeding and has been rinsed clean, apply a thin layer of antibiotic cream or ointment to the wound

- If a rash results from use of the antibiotic, discontinue use of the ointment and seek professional medical attention


4) COVER THE WOUND

- Keep the wound covered with an adhesive bandage or sterile gauze as it heals; this will keep the wound clean and prevent infection

- Change the wound covering twice daily and keep the wound clean


5) SEEK IMMEDIATE PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ATTENTION IF THE WOUND...

a) is more than 1/2 inch deep or is gaping

b) has a jagged edge or fat/muscle tissue is visible

c) become irritated or infected (has increased redness, swelling, drainage or pain)

d) is deep or dirty or it has been more than 5 years since your last tetanus shot

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